1. Final test

2. I am grading your last project


That's it :)


I will come for an hour or so to calculate your final grades
You don’t have to come if you don’t want to

Enjoy your summer


1. Class discussion of the Digital Booklet project

2. Work on the problems corrections

Digital Booklet project

Work on the booklet problems corrections


Work on the booklet problems corrections

Digital Booklet project

Completely finish Digital Booklet for grading
1. Interactive PDF
2. Online publishing (provide me with the link)

Final text

Prepare for the final test. Questions will be derived from all studied matherials including screen-based media

Final test alternative: Paper - Soviet Film Posters of the 1920, typography.
Dropbox submission: Word document, Monday morning, May 16


1. Roughs class discussion of page 4: design in the style of a chosen movement containing typography and some additional elements of that style, if needed.

2. InDesign simple animation
Animation possibilities

InDesign allows you to create basic animations for output to online without using separate software.
1. Using the Selection Tool, choose the object or the text to be animated (create outline for text).
2. Go to the Window menu, scroll to Interactive, and select Animation.
3. In the Animation Panel, select the animation from the Preset menu.
4. Set the Duration, Play, and Speed options.
5. Expand the Properties section, if necessary, for additional options such as Rotate, Scale, and Opacity. (These options will vary depending on the animation preset you choose.)
6. To preview the animation, click the Preview button at the lower left corner
Tutorial with images

Amimation example

1. Animation doesn’t work in the interactive PDF in most cases (hopefully it will do in the future)
2. You do not have to include an animation into your project. If you want, do it logically – it should have sense and reason

3. Start working on page 4


Simple Animation

InDesign Animation
Loop Animated Sequence
Interactive image slider  
Animated Christmas e-card
Typewriter effect

Digital Booklet project

Continue working on page 4


1. Published online interactive brochure example
How to publish online

2. Continue working on page 4

Digital Booklet project

Continue working on and finish page 4.
Resubmith PDF file with all corrected pages.
Publish online your brochure (save the link in the Word doc. with other project materials)
How to: Thorough instruction and video


1. Start working on page 3 - brief information about a famous artist (with some examples of his work and/or his portrait)

2. Create a hyperlink on one of 3 pages (or all 3) to a corresponding website
How to:
1. Insert a URL to a corresponding website (for example, Read more about Alfons Mucha:
2. Highlight it to select and copy
3. Window>Interactive>Hyperlinks
4. In the dialog box, paste that URL into the URL field
5. Save your file
If you want to make a graphic (object, image) as a hyperlink button:
Click on that graphic to select it, then follow the same procedure: go to Hyperlinks and put the corresponding URL


Clickable Hyperlink in Adobe InDesign

Add Hyperlinks and Buttons in Adobe InDesign, including playing a video

Digital Booklet project

Work on page 3 and finish it.
We will have an individual discussion of all 3 pages for the final correction


After individual discussions, continue adjusting all 3 pages

Digital Booklet project

1. Finish corrections of 3 pages, resubmit them for score upgrading

2. Make several thumbs for page 4 - design in the style of a chosen movement containing typography and some additional elements of that style, if needed.
Read the text and see the examples in the project text
Choose the best one and create a rough (or better two).
Upload it to the dropbox (JPG or PDF file) for the class discussion.


1. Booklet cover class discussion

2. InDesign navigation
Interactive buttons from page to page
1. Create buttons on the master page
Object>Interactive>Convert to button
Dialog box:
- Name the button
- Event: On Release or Top (or On Click)
- Action: +Go To Previous Page
(Action for the Next button: +Go To Next Page)
If you want to change the button properties: Windows>Interactive>Buttons and Forms
You can change Rollover state if you want:
Select the button, click on Rollover Appearance, in the Properties panel change the color (or stroke, opacity, etc.)

2. To remove the Back button from the first page:
Click Ctrl+Shift (Comd+Shift on Mac) on the button and delete it.
The same procedure to delete the Next button on the last page

3. Export file as PDF Interactive

3. Start working on the cover in InDesign;
Continue working on the first page in InDesign


Interactive buttons from page to page (short video)
Interactive buttons from page to page (with build-in buttons)

Digital Booklet project

1. Finish Cover and the first page in InDesign
(Remember, the cover should not have a page number)
2. Make interactive buttons from page to page
3. Export the file as PDF Interactive
Note: name the file "DigilaBookletYourName"


1. Extra project: HALF IMAGE HALF TEXT
Design procedure, as always: research, thumbs, rough, comp.
Due date: 4/27

2. Start working on the page 2 - Description and specific features of the fonts

Digital Booklet project

Finish working on the page 2 - Description and specific features of the fonts.
At this point your project should have a cover and two pages finished, and two empty pages

Extra project

Start working on the extra project HALF IMAGE HALF TEXT

You might want to use Envelope Distort Illustrator option:
How to Use Envelope Distort
Warp Text Inside a Shape
Envelope Distort Tool (watch to 5:00)
Make with warp
Make with mesh
A wave text effect with mesh (watch to 2:00)


1. Media and Guidelines for Screen-Based Media Channels

2. InDesign – you can create various digital interactive projects:
(There are Web and Mobile presets)
- E-books (EPUB format) with graphic, audio, and video content
- E-magazines (also called e-zines)
- Presentations
- Portfolios
- Digital ads
- Social content like Facebook banners
- Interactive PDF
- Web pages (and sites)
And more
Interactive poster/ad example (animation, buttons, links)

Designing for onscreen viewing.

4. InDesign: Paragraph styles


1. Digital design quick start
Read only: 'Do's and don'ts of great digital design' part
2. Getting typography right in digital design
3. Widow, orphan, runt

4. InDesign

Video Paragraph Style
Article Paragraph Style

Digital Booklet project

1. Explore all four movements and choose one.
Do thorough research and gather materials: history, typography information and images
Save text to Word doc., dropbox submission
2. Start working on thumbnail sketches for all pages (you will continue in class on Wed)


1. Guest speaker

2. Winishing working on 3 sets of sketches; choosing one.

3. Working on an accurate layout sketch for booklet pages, each one on a separate page, size 8x6 inches.

4. Working on sketches for the booklet cover with the chosen movement name as the book title and your name as an author. It can be simple or elaborate, but all typography rules should be applied
Bauhaus book cover
Art Deco book cover
Art Nouveau book cover
Futurist book cover

Digital Booklet project

1. Make a rough for the digitak booklet cover; save it as PDF, we will print it for the class discussion

2. Create a new document for the booklet:
- Click on Web tab (800x600px)
- Number of pages: 5
- No facing pages
- No bleed
- The color mode will be set to RGB automatically.
- The measurements will be set as pixels
Number pages on the Master page (no number for the cover)

3. Start working on the first page - short history of the movement:
Title, subtitle, body copy and image(s).
- Navigation from page to page has to be on the Master page. They can be words or any graphics: arrows, triangles, fingers, something original, etc. Just google to find examples.
- Paragraph styles: when you choose the font face and size for the title, subtitle and body copy, create a paragraph style for each one.
We will continue and finish it in class


1.Checking 4 thumbnails, choosing the best one to create a rough
2. Start working on the rough


1. Read this chapter about research, thumbs, roughs, comps and presentation, as well as about the design jobs and freelance. This chapter defines the field of graphic design and describes its processes.
Graphic Design Process and Fields

2. Smart Typography in Poster Design (till 6:35)

Typography Poster project

Continue working and finish the chosen rough for the class discussion (read about how to present your work in the chapter above). Consider it as an almost (90%) finished piece. This time we will do class critiques of the works on paper You can work using any media including computer.

Note: if you work on the computer, print your work. I don’t think class printer works at this point. If you do not have a printer, you can send a PDF file to me, I will print it for you. The problem is – I do not have 11X17 printer, so I will print 8.5X11 (though, proportions are slightly different)

Important: if you want me to print your work, email it to me not later than Tuesday 6pm.


1. Rougs class discussion
2. Start working on comps

Typography Poster project

Continue and finish working on comp.
Submit Illustrator file into the dropbox.


1. Midterm test (from 11:30 to 11:55)

2. Checking sketches for Expressive Typography project, Part 2

3. Working on EXPRESSIVE TYPOGRAPHY project, Part 2.

Project Expressive Typography, Part 2, Step 3 finishing.

1. Finish and submit project Part 2, Step 3 Illustrator file to the dropbox
Don't forget to write your name/project/class at the left corner


1. Design Process
Thumbnails, Roughs and Comps
Video Design Process by Example

2. Grid in Illustrator
1. View>Show Grid
2. To modify grid: Preferences>Guides&Grid
Video Tutorial

The second aproach Split Into Grid command as an alternative
Create a Rectangle, Top Menu >Object> Path> Split Into Grid
It creates tangible squares that can be manipulated with much more freedom than the hard Illustrator background grid.

3. Typographic hierarchy
Typographic hierarchy (hierarchy of information) allows the reader to understand at a glance the order of importance of the information.

Editorial design:
Example: the headline, subheading and body copy

Graphic design:
Business cards (typographic hierarchy + proximity)
Example 1
Example 2
Example 3

Compare two examples of the same poster
Without hierarchy
With hierarchy



Typography: Grid Hierarchy
Understanding Typographic Hierarchy
The Hierarchy of Text in Design
15 reasons to use grid

Typography Poster project

1. Thoroughly read the project text (several times if needed)
I don’t want to hear: "I did not know, I did not realize, I did not read that part", etc.

2. Choose a typeface for your poster and do necessary research 
a) Research your typeface's history as well as the typeface designer. Type out a short paragraph in a Word doc. about your typeface, its designer and other information that you will use as copy on your poster.
Dropbox submission

b) Look at and analyze plenty of good typographical examples to use for your design guide and inspiration. Choose several (or as many as you want) posters that you like the most and copy the links into your Word doc. 
Note: examples are in the project and you can google more.

3. Thumbnails:
Thumbnails are your blueprints, they stimulate your mind, and brainstorming on paper is the natural result. When you think visually with thumbnails, you will eventually solve the problem.
Sketch a minimum of 4 thumbnails for your poster, which will highlight concepts and ideas. The size of each sketch should be no smaller than 5×7 inches (therefore, you need 2 sheets of paper)



1. The Bolted Book
The Bolted Book is filled with ground breaking typographic experiments and bold explorations in nearly every art and design medium, including advertising.
Looking at the pages and analyzing each design is very inspirational and boost creativity; you can learn dynamic use of typography, page layout, size contrast, color, etc.

Name: “Depero Futurista” (published in 1927).
Creator: Fortunato Depero, Italian Futurist* artist/designer.
It is known as “The Bolted Book” because of its binding.
Video The Bolted Book Facsimile
Official website for the bolted book
*Futurism was an artistic and social movement that originated in Italy in the early 20th century and developed in Russia and to a lesser extent in other countries. It emphasized dynamism, speed, technology, youth, the vitality, change, and restlessness of modern life.

2. Checking sketches, choosing an idea for each of 4 words

3. Intro to Adobe Illustrator
- Illustrator; Vector graphics vs. Raster graphics
- Work area, tools and panels
- Working with text (beginning)
- Basic shapes (Measurements)
- Anchor points and paths

Study Illustrator

What is Illustrator
Get to know Illustrator (all parts)
Tools panel chart
The selection tools
How to work with text in Illustrator
Basic shapes (up/down arrows)
Basic shapes (creating with measurements, fill, stroke
Basic shapes (with shortcuts)
Anchor points and paths in Illustrator

Project Expressive Typography, Part 1, Step 3 beginning

1. Prepare an Illustrator file according to specs:
- Square size: 3.5" x 3.5"
- Distance between squares and from left and right sides of a page – 0.5"
- Distance from the top – 1.5"
- Add a 0.5 pt. outline (border around the square)
2. Create at least one word in Illustrator
- Select one Sans Serif typeface (you can use variations)
- Only black and white.


1. Learning Illustrator
- Transform tools
- Touch tool
- Type on a path and in a shape
- Layers and groups
- The Layers Panel
- Sliced Text in Adobe Illustrator with Pathfinder tutorial

Explanation of Part 2

3. Working on the Part 1: create three more words in Illustrator
Follow the project guidelines.

Learning Illustrator

Add and format text (all parts)
Touch tool
Type on a path
Layers and groups
How to Use The Layers Panel in Adobe Illustrator
Pathfinder for Beginners
How to Create Sliced Text in Adobe Illustrator with Pathfinder
For more Illustrator tutorials go to the Resourses page

Project Expressive Typography, Part 1, Step 3 finishing; Part 2 - sketches

1. Finish and submit project Part 1, Step 3 Illustrator file to the dropbox
Don't forget to write your name/project/class at the left corner
Submission example

2. Start working on Part 2: Step 1 (research) and Step 2 (sketches)
The same procedure as with the first part. (2 pages, 12 sketches total)
I will be checking sketches on Monday, 3/21


1. InDesign:
- Type inside any shape
- Type on a path
- InDesign file packaging

2. Work in class on
Page 15 (the last one) Type on a path, type inside a shape
Due: Wed, 3/9

Study InDesign

Type on a path
Create type on a path
Package an InDesign File

Typography Booklet Project

1. Finish working on page 15

2. Submit the project into the dropbox for grading
Submitting into the dropbox - two ways:
1. Packaged InDesign file
How to package your InDesign file
(You don’t have to zip the folder)
Name the folder ‘Lastname Firstname Typebook’
2. PDF version of your Type Book named ‘Lastname Firstname Typebook’

Note: please remove all extra files from the dropbox


1. Typography Booklet project class presentation:
Issues to discuss:
- What is the subject (what are you presenting or featuring?)
- Why did you use this style for your design; how does it reflect your subject?
- What influenced your font choice?
- What is the focal point (the main piece in the cover design), how do you deal with hierarchy of information?
- Discuss alignment for all 3 pages
- Discussing your design of the magazine page, speak about the purpose, hierarchy, readability, balance, alignment …; also, about headline, image, pull quote, etc.
- Discuss the uniqueness of the last page - why you created that specific design.
- Add anything that you feel like sharing regarding your work on this project.

The meaning of the word expressed visually
Video Word as Image

Project Expressive Typography, Part 1, Step 1 and 2

STEP 1- research:
1. Look at these examples and analyze how the word’s meaning is expressed visually
2. Browse the internet to see and analyze more examples

STEP 2 - sketches, two pages:
(Sans Serif typeface only)
1. Choose 4 words (see project text)
2. Create two pages of sketches in your notebook, (horizontal layout):
Three different ideas/variations for each chosen word, each variation in a square.

- Page one: 2 words with 3 variations for each (six squares)

- Page two: 2 other words with 3 variations for each (six squares)
Sketches have to be accurate and represent as precisely as possible how each word will look on the computer
Sketches Example of words Hide and Open (Page one of two)

Due: 3/14

– Consider the entire space of the square.
– Use only the letters used to spell the word as part of your visual elements. You may choose to repeat or omit letters if appropriate.
– Consider how the use of negative space and positioning can help with the meaning of the word.
– Consider scale, repetition, overlapping, uppercase, lowercase, etc. to create a visual definition of the word.
– You may crop or “remove” parts of a letter as long as the letter is distinguishable.
– DO NOT use drop shadows.
– DO NOT use horizontal/vertical scaling (distortion).
– DO NOT use images

Study Illustrator

What is Illustrator
Get to know Illustrator (all parts)
Tools panel chart
The selection tools
Basic shapes (up/down arrows)
Basic shapes (creating with measurements, fill, stroke
Basic shapes (with shortcuts)
Anchor points and paths in Illustrator


1. Elements of a magazine page

2. InDesign
- Removing Automatic Hyphenation in InDesign
- InDesign drop cap
- Working with images (and Links panel)
Car image
- Text wrap around shapes and objects (text has to be in front of an image)
Short video: Wrap Text Around Image Edges
Note: to ignore text wrap in a text frame:
1. Select the text frame, and choose Object > Text Frame Options.
2. Select Ignore Text Wrap, and click OK.


Work on page 14, redesigning the previous layout. You have to put there headline, body copy, drop cap, pull-quote, image
Use your text and image
Page 14 - Individual design

1. Look at and analyze good magazine page designs
2. Make several sketches of your design
3. Work in InDesign

Typography Booklet Project

Finish working on and submit page 14 - Individual design


We agreed that Kerning, Tracking, Leading parts would be submitted today (or before)

Typography Booklet Project

Correct submitted parts following my comments. Inform me if you did.


Work in class on
- Alignment (Page 6)
- Type classification (Page 7)
Submission: today, the end of the class session

Typography Booklet Project

- Classifications of serif fonts (Pages 8, 9, 10, 11)
- Sans Serif text (Page 12)
Due: 2/28


1. InDesign
- Create outlines
With the Selection Tool, choose the text frame to be converted, then go to the Type menu and select Create Outlines.
- Layers
Layers help you organize your layout. By positioning related objects together on the same layer, you can turn items off and on for viewing, working on your layout, and even for printing. Layers can even be used to create different versions of projects.
Short but very informative tutorial Layers in Adobe InDesign
- Variable Typefaces
Variable fonts support such attributes as weight, width, slant, optical size, etc. You can change these custom attributes using convenient slider controls available when you click the variable font icon in the Control panel, Character panel, Properties panel, Character Styles panel, and Paragraph Styles panel
variable font icon
To know what variable typefaces you have in your computer:
When you scroll down the font search in the Character panel and you see the symbol O with small letters VAR at the right of the font name – this typeface is variable

variable font icon

2. Book cover sketches discussions
My book cover example; subject - matryoshka, Russian nested doll
Checking page#2 – Typeface anatomy

3. Working on Cover in InDesign
Note: you might need to create outlines in some cases to work on design easier
(Due: 2/16)

PART: Typeface variations (Page 2)
Due: 2/16

Study InDesign

1. Why, when and how create outlines in InDesign
2. Layers in Adobe InDesign
3. How to use Variable Fonts in InDesign
(Another tutorial ios in the Typeface variations part instructions)

Typography Booklet Project

1. Finish and submit the Book Cover for a grade
2. Finish and submit the part Typeface Variations for a grade


1. Refreshing covered materials, video: Beginning Graphic Design: Typography

2. Practice kerning, train your eye: Game Kern Gype

3. Preparing working with paragraphs, video: Typography Advices

4. InDesign learning
Colors and Swatches

- Kerning (Page 3)
- Tracking (Page 4)
- Leading (Page 5)
Due: 2/21


Video Colors, Swatches, Gradients

Colors and how to deal with them in InDesign ( also Illustrator and Photoshop):
RGB vs CMYK: What’s the difference?

Typography Booklet Project

Finish and submit parts:
- Kerning (Page 3)
- Tracking (Page 4)
- Leading (Page 5)


1. Free fonts
Variable fonts
Variable fonts enable many different variations of a typeface to be incorporated into a single file, rather than having a separate font file for every width, weight, or style.
Short Video

2. Grid

A grid system in graphic design uses a two-dimensional framework to align and lay out design elements. Breaking down a single design space into a grid can help position individual components in ways that can organize content, catch the eye, create a user flow and make information and visuals more appealing and accessible to audiences.
Video Grid, introduction

Types of layout grids:
- Column Grids are used for magazines to organize content in columns so it is easier to read.
- Baseline Grids are a bit more technical and are defined by the line in which the text sits. This grid creates a good reading rhythm for any design with lots of text.
- Modular grids are like a checkerboard that can display many things for easy access.
- Hierarchical grids are mostly used on websites, organizing content according to their importance.
A Quick Look at Types of Grids

3. Learning InDesign - continuation
Edit content
Create guides
Pages panels
Master page
Numbering pages
Setting margins and columns


- Class materials

- Article 15 reasons why a grid based approach will improve your designs

- Video A Little Bit About Grids For Graphic Design and Typography

- Video Grid Systems in Web & UI Design

Learn InDesign

Get Startrd with InDesign
1. Edit Content (videos 2, 3,4)
2. Multipage documents (all videos)


1. Fontface styles
These properties define the visual characteristics of text:
Size determines the height, in points, of displayed text.
Width determines a horizontal measure of characters (condensed, extended, etc.)
Weight determines the thickness of the type elements.
Bold determines whether text is normal or bold.
Italic determines whether text is normal or italic.


2. Text alignment
There are four common types of alignment when dealing with text placement:
- Centered (not good for a body text)
- Flush Left
- Flush Right
- Justified (not all programs do a good job)
Text alignment
Cellphone - alignment problems
Each software has text alignment features in Paragraph panel

3. Video Good/bad fonts
America's Most Fonted: The 7 Worst Fonts

4. Learning InDesign - continuation
- Paragraph
- Simple shapes (and arrows)
- Color (beginning)
- Save InDesign as PDF

PART: Cover
Due for Sketches: 2/14
Due for InDesign work: 2/16

PART: Anatomy of Letterform Diagram (Page 1)
(Due: 2/14)


1. Study class materials
2. Study and practice InDesign
Page layout
- Add pages to your document
- Align content with guides
- Work with master pages
- Override master page items
Paragraph formatting

Typography Booklet Project

1. Choose a subject for the content of the book and write one-two paragraphs of related information in Word doc.
Save it in your dropbox

2. Make not less than 5 good sketches for the cover in your sketchpad (each one on a separate page).
Bring it to class
Sketches example
Sketches example 2 (no images)

3. InDesign Work - Anatomy of Letterform Diagram
Work on and finish the Anatomy of Letterform Diagram part.
It has to be on the second page with page number 1 (the first page is for cover)
Save the file as InDesign and as PDF
Put both files into the dropbox
Use a common font to be sure it can be found in any computer.


1. Class general info
- Syllabus overview
- Class website overview
- Grading policy overview
- Class Rules overview

2. History of Typography
Typography is the art of arranging type to make written text readable and aesthetically appealing for the reader. It is used to communicate a feeling, a message or an idea.
Brief Timeline

Illuminated manuscripts are hand-written books with painted decoration that generally includes precious metals such as gold or silver. The pages were made from animal skin
They were initially produced by monks in abbeys but, as they became more popular, production became commercialized and was taken over by secular book-makers. The most popular type was the Book of Hours which was a Christian devotional of prayers
Book of Hours of Lorenzo de' Medici (the ruler of Florence)

Video A Brief History of Type (11min)
Note: Linotype vs monotype:
Linotype - typesetting machine by which characters were cast in type metal as a complete line
Monotype - typesetting machine that produced type in individual characters, which are assembled into lines in a fashion similar to classical movable type.

3. Typeface
Typeface (or Type Family) vs. Font
A typeface is the name of a specific collection of related fonts; it is a family of fonts, where each font has a different style. Font refers to a particular weight, width, and style within that typeface.
For example, Arial is a typeface, but Arial Bold, Arial Narrow and Arial Regular are all fonts of the Arial typeface.

Type Classifications
tipe classification
- Serif: Typefaces with a small line or stroke regularly attached to the end of a larger stroke in a letter or symbol
Examples: Times New Roman, Garamond, and Georgia, etc.
- Sans-serif: Sans means without. These typefaces are devoid of those small extensions, hence without serif. Examples include Gill sans which has Humanist connotations, Helvetica with its transitional characteristics and so on.
- Script: Letter forms developed in close relation to human handwriting are script typefaces. They are flexible in nature with varying stroke widths. Example : Bistro Script, Shelly, Minstral etc.
- Blackletter: A bold script style of calligraphy used heavily during the renaissance.
Example: Fraktur
- Decorative: Typefaces which do not fit in other categories are decorative in nature. Built for specific use cases which largely consist of headlines, posters etc.
- A monospaced font, also called a fixed-width, or non-proportional font, is a font whose letters and characters each occupy the same amount of horizontal space Monospaced fonts are customary on typewriters. See image

Serif classifications

There are three major classifications of serif fonts: old style, transitional, modern; plus slab-serif (or Egyptian)
Look at the examples (Also, clicl on the links at the left under 1450)


1. Study class materials
2. The history of typography
3. Typeface vs. font


1. Famous art styles from the beginning of the 20 Century, and their font faces
These font faces became very popular today.
Art Nouveau - an international style of art, architecture, and applied art, especially the decorative arts, it was most popular between 1890 and 1910. It was characterized by the ornamental style of art, with its organic, asymmetrical, intricate and flowing lines.
Example 1
Example 2
Example 3
Example 4

Bauhaus was a German art school operational from 1919 to 1933 that combined crafts and the fine arts. This style emphasized boldness and abstract, yet structured creativity
Example 1
Example 2

Art Deco was about finding beauty in geometric simplicity, combined with elongated letters and vertical decorative line details. First appearing in the 1920s and 30s, Art Deco made a comeback in the 1970s and 80s as well.
Almost by definition, Art Deco meant sans serif type. (for ex. Avant Garde, Futura, Kabel)
Example 1
Example 2

2. Type Anatomy

3. Type Measurements and Spacing (Leading, Kerning, Tracking)

1 inch = 6p0 = 72 pt
1p0 = 12 pt
- Points are traditionally used in print media
- Pixels are fixed-size units that are used in screen media
- “Ems” (em): The “em” is a scalable unit that is used in web document media.
An em is equal to the current font-size, for instance, if the font-size of the document is 12pt, 1em is equal to 12pt. Ems are scalable in nature, so 2em would equal 24pt, 0.5em would equal 6pt, etc. Ems are becoming increasingly popular in web documents due to scalability and their mobile-device-friendly nature.

Leading - space between lines of text
Kerning - space between two alongside letters
Tracking - space between all letters in a word

4. Learning InDesign - beginning


1. Study all class materials
2. Study InDesign tutorials and practice.
Important: Studying the tutorials you have to practice at the same time. Keep the program (InDesign, Illustrator, Photoshop, etc.) open; stop a tutorial every minute or so, and repeat the actions in the program. That is the only way you can learn quickly and remember.

Quick Start
- See what you can create with InDesign
- Create a new document

- Get started with InDesign
- Add text
- Format text (only 1 and 2 videos, no styles)